Cashmere is categorized based on its grade, which is primarily determined by the diameter of the fibers. The lower the diameter, the finer and softer the cashmere. Here are the three main grades to be aware of:

 

Grade A: Ultra-Fine Splendor

Grade A cashmere also referred to as ultra-fine cashmere, boasts fibers with a diameter of around 14 microns or less. This exceptional grade creates an incredibly soft and delicate fabric that feels like a gentle caress against the skin. Due to its rarity and exquisite quality, Grade A cashmere often comes with a higher price tag. Its lightweight nature and exceptional warmth make it perfect for delicate sweaters, scarves, and accessories.

 

Grade B: The Perfect Balance

Grade B cashmere falls in the range of 14 to 19 microns in diameter. This variety strikes a harmonious balance between luxury and durability, making it a popular choice among cashmere enthusiasts. While it may not be as delicate as Grade A, it still offers a remarkable level of softness and warmth. Grade B cashmere is ideal for everyday sweaters, cardigans, and other clothing items that require both comfort and resilience.

Grade C: Robust Comfort

Grade C cashmere, with fibers ranging from 19 to 30 microns, is known for its sturdiness and warmth. Although not as refined as the finer grades, it still retains the inherent qualities of cashmere. While garments made from Grade C cashmere might lack the delicate touch of Grade A, they excel in providing robust comfort. This grade is often chosen for outerwear, blankets, and accessories where durability is paramount.

While the grading system serves as a primary indicator of cashmere quality, other factors contribute to the overall desirability of the yarn:

  1. Origin of Cashmere The geographical origin of the cashmere plays a significant role in determining its quality. Cashmere sourced from regions like China, Mongolia, and the Himalayas is renowned for its exceptional softness and fineness.

  2. Purity and Blending Pure cashmere garments are often considered superior, but blending cashmere with other natural fibres like silk can enhance both the yarns' texture and durability.

  3. Manufacturing and Finishing The manufacturing process, including spinning and weaving techniques, greatly affects the final product. Meticulous craftsmanship can elevate the overall feel and appearance of the cashmere.